Fast and efficient isolation of murine circulating tumor cells using screencell technology for pre-clinical analyzes

Abstract :

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) represent a rare and heterogeneous population of cancer cells that are detached from the tumor site and entered blood or lymphatic circulation. Once disseminated in distant tissues, CTCs could remain dormant or create a tumor mass causing serious danger for patients. Many technologies exist to isolate CTCs from patients’ blood samples, mostly based on microfluidic systems or by sorting them according to their surface antigens, notably EpCAM, and/or cytokeratins for carcinoma. ScreenCell has developed an easy-to-use, antigen-independent, rapid, cost-effective, and efficient technology that isolates CTCs according to their bigger size compared to the blood cells. This study provides the technical information necessary to isolate and characterize CTCs from mouse blood. By using blood samples from transgenic mice with breast cancer or from WT mice in which we spiked cancer cells, we showed that ScreenCell technology is compatible with standard EDTA blood collection tubes. Furthermore, the ScreenCell Cyto kit could treat up to 500 µl and the ScreenCell MB kit up to 200 µl of mouse blood. As the ScreenCell MB kit captures unaltered live CTCs, we have shown that their DNA could be efficiently extracted, and the isolated cells could be grown in culture. In conclusion, ScreenCell provides a rapid, easy, antigen-independent, cost-effective, and efficient technology to isolate and characterize CTCs from the blood samples of cancer patients and murine models. Thanks to this technology CTCs could be captured fixed or alive. Murine cancer models are extensively used in pre-clinical studies. Therefore, this study demonstrates the crucial technical points necessary while manipulating mouse blood samples using ScreenCell technology.

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